What Causes Dandruff Flakes?


Flakes are probably the most well known symptom of dandruff. But what causes them to appear?

What causes dandruff?

Theres a naturally occurring microbe present on your scalp called Malassezia globosa. It breaks down your natural scalp oils into other substances including oleic acid, to which around half of people are sensitive.

This causes irritation, and the skins natural response is to increase cell turnover to replace the damaged cells.

How do flakes form?

The scalp tries to shed the irritant along with the skin cells. In just a few days, a dandruff sufferer can actually produce as many new cells as a healthy scalp produces in a whole month!

The excess skin cells clump together and become the flakes that we recognize as dandruff.

Unfortunately, when new skin cells are being produced so rapidly, they dont have quite enough time to develop and mature properly. This means that dandruff skin has an unhealthy and more disorganized structure.

The weakened skin is leaky less effective at protecting us from our environment and keeping essential moisture in.

How can you get rid of the flakes?

Head & Shoulders Smooth & Silky Shampoo is our best-selling anti-dandruff shampoo.

Its been proven to tackle dandruff and the associated flakes from the first wash, leaving you with soft, manageable and up to 100% flake-free hair.1

You could also try our Smooth & Silky Conditioner its rich, decadent lather nourishes hair and leaves it shiny and beautiful.

More about dandruff

More tips and advice from the experts:

  • The causes of dandruff

1visible flakes with regular use.